NASA Security

NASA Security PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Space
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Export controls
Languages : en
Pages : 152

Book Description

Dangerous Weapons, Desperate States

Dangerous Weapons, Desperate States PDF Author: Gary K. Bertsch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136053182
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298

Book Description
With the collapse of the USSR, fifteen fledgling sates inherited a massive Soviet arsenal, unstable political systems, and desperate economies. A "sell everything" mentality threatens to result in the largest arms bazaar in human history, and this potential "fire sale" includes weapons of mass destruction. This book addresses the challenges the new independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union (FSU) face in controlling and monitoring their sensitive, military-related exports.Dangerous Weapons, Desperate States explores the various theoretical approaches that help explain the development of nonproliferation export control systems in the NIS. The contributors, coming from both the FSU states and the US, provide a broad range of perspectives on the problems posed by the threat of proliferation.

The Trade and Climate Change Nexus

The Trade and Climate Change Nexus PDF Author: Paul Brenton
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464817731
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 179

Book Description
While trade exacerbates climate change, it is also a central part of the solution because it has the potential to enhance mitigation and adaptation. This timely report explores the different ways in which trade and climate change intersect. Trade contributes to the emissions that cause global warming and is itself also affected by climate change through changing comparative advantages. The report also confronts several myths concerning trade and climate change. The Trade and Climate Change Nexus: The Urgency and Opportunities for Developing Countries focuses on the impacts of, and adjustments to, climate change in developing countries and on how future trade opportunities will be affected by both the changing climate and the policy responses to address it. The report discusses how trade can provide the goods and services that drive mitigation and adaptation. It also addresses how climate change creates immense challenges for developing countries, but also new opportunities to promote trade diversification in the transition to a low-carbon world. Suitable trade and environmental policies can offer effective economic incentives to attain both sustainable growth and poverty reduction.

Trade Facilitation and the WTO

Trade Facilitation and the WTO PDF Author: Sheela Rai
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527536335
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
With efforts for further substantive liberalization of trade showing little signs of success, focus has shifted to the rationalization and simplification of procedural regulations in international trade. The Agreement on the Trade Facilitation in Goods came into force in 2017, and proposals for similar agreements for trade in services and foreign investment have been submitted and are under discussion. This book discusses both existing and proposed provisions on trade facilitation within the World Trade Organisation (WTO). It covers relevant General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provisions and jurisprudence, the negotiating history of the Trade Facilitation Agreement in Goods, provisions of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement and their relevance for developing countries’ concerns, with special emphasis on India, and the prospects for a global digital trade facilitation platform. The book also discusses the desirability for trade facilitation agreements for services and investment and the possibility of success of the proposals submitted in this regard in the WTO.

Law and Politics on Export Restrictions

Law and Politics on Export Restrictions PDF Author: Chien-Huei Wu
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108957005
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 519

Book Description
Delving into export restrictive measures this book links the key areas of WTO law, public international law, investment and competition law to expose how and why WTO rules on export dimension are insufficient due to export bias; how public international law helps to justify their adoption or maintenance; and how investment and competition laws contribute to their regulation. Built on works on accession protocols and national security exceptions, this book goes beyond international trade law and looks into international political economy, competition and investment law. It contributes to debates in conceptualising public and private forms of export restrictions, appreciating the complementary nature of trade and competition law in disciplining them; capturing the dynamic between trade and investment policies for their effectuation and circumvention; and bridging trade law and public international law to better understand their impositions for political and diplomatic purposes with the invocation of the national security justification.

Macroeconomic Medium-Term Models in the Nordic Countries

Macroeconomic Medium-Term Models in the Nordic Countries PDF Author: O. Bjerkholt
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148329546X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 334

Book Description
This is the first major joint presentation of macroeconomic models of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Its origin is a selection of the presentations at a seminar on macroeconomic modelling in the Nordic countries held in Lyngby, Denmark, 8-9 October 1984, sponsored by the Nordic Ministries of Finance. The book is concentrated around a thorough presentation of the main macroeconomic medium-term models used in government planning and policy-making in each of the four countries. These models are: in Denmark, ADAM, developed by the Central Statistical Office, in Finland, KESSU, developed within the Ministry of Finance, in Norway, MODAG, developed by the Central Bureau of Statistics, and in Sweden, EMMA, developed within the Ministry of Finance. An introduction to Nordic macroeconomic models is provided, as well as significant features of the institutional use of models within governments in these countries. On the basis of the data presented in the book, the effects of devaluation, wage increases and fiscal policy in the Nordic economies can be compared with each other as well as with other small open economies.

The Economics Of Export Restrictions

The Economics Of Export Restrictions PDF Author: Jimmy Weinblatt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 100031619X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274

Book Description
Export restrictions represent an economic phenomenon that has existed for millenia. This report is the result of a two-year research project on the subject of free access to commodity markets carried out jointly by the David Horowitz Institute for the Research of Developing Countries, Tel Aviv University and the Ibero-Amerika Institut, University of Goettingen. The project was financed by a grant from the Volkswagen Foundation.

The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the Global Economy

The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the Global Economy PDF Author: Marie Lavigne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521414173
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 252

Book Description
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe are moving away from a centrally planned economy toward integration within the global economy. How did this transition begin? Is this an aim which all the countries can afford? What conditions are to be met so that the countries will achieve a level of development comparable with the average level of their industrial partners? In this 1992 volume, leading international political economists from both the East and West provide an in-depth analysis of these questions. The contributors assess how the transition to the market requires liberalizing foreign trade, introducing convertibility, and transforming property structures, all of which are also part of the ongoing domestic reform. They also examine how these countries overcome their development lag and implement a restructuring policy.
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