Modal Logic as Metaphysics

Modal Logic as Metaphysics PDF Author: Timothy Williamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019955207X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 481

Book Description
Timothy Williamson gives an original and provocative treatment of deep metaphysical questions about existence, contingency, and change, using the latest resources of quantified modal logic. Contrary to the widespread assumption that logic and metaphysics are disjoint, he argues that modal logic provides a structural core for metaphysics.

Williamson on Modality

Williamson on Modality PDF Author: Juhani Yli-Vakkuri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351730053
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 406

Book Description
Timothy Williamson is one of the most influential living philosophers working in the areas of logic and metaphysics. His work in these areas has been particularly influential in shaping debates about metaphysical modality, which is the topic of his recent provocative and closely-argued book Modal Logic as Metaphysics (2013). This book comprises ten essays by metaphysicians and logicians responding to Williamson’s work on metaphysical modality, as well as replies by Williamson to each essay. In addition, it contains an original essay by Williamson, ‘Modal science,’ concerning the role of modal claims in natural science. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Canadian Journal of Philosophy.

Modality

Modality PDF Author: Joseph Melia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317489675
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description
This introduction to modality places the emphasis on the metaphysics of modality rather than on the formal semetics of quantified modal logic. The text begins by introducing students to the "de re/de dicto" distinction, conventionalist and conceptualist theories of modality and some of the key problems in modality, particularly Quine's criticisms. It then moves on to explain how possible worlds provide a solution to many of the problems in modality and how possible worlds themselves have been used to analyse notions outside modality such as properties and propositions. Possible worlds introduce problems of their own and the book argues that to make progress with these problems a theory of possible worlds is required. The pros and cons of various theories of possible worlds are then examined in turn, including those of Lewis, Kripke, Adams, Stalnaker and Plantinga.

Modality

Modality PDF Author: Bob Hale
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191572292
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 384

Book Description
The philosophy of modality investigates necessity and possibility, and related notions—are they objective features of mind-independent reality? If so, are they irreducible, or can modal facts be explained in other terms? This volume presents new work on modality by established leaders in the field and by up-and-coming philosophers. Between them, the papers address fundamental questions concerning realism and anti-realism about modality, the nature and basis of facts about what is possible and what is necessary, the nature of modal knowledge, modal logic and its relations to necessary existence and to counterfactual reasoning. The general introduction locates the individual contributions in the wider context of the contemporary discussion of the metaphysics and epistemology of modality.

Modal Logics and Philosophy

Modal Logics and Philosophy PDF Author: Rod Girle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131749217X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 257

Book Description
The first edition, published by Acumen in 2000, became a prescribed textbook on modal logic courses. The second edition has been fully revised in response to readers' suggestions, including two new chapters on conditional logic, which was not covered in the first edition. "Modal Logics and Philosophy" is a fully comprehensive introduction to modal logics and their application suitable for course use. Unlike most modal logic textbooks, which are both forbidding mathematically and short on philosophical discussion, "Modal Logics and Philosophy" places its emphasis firmly on showing how useful modal logic can be as a tool for formal philosophical analysis. In part 1 of the book, the reader is introduced to some standard systems of modal logic and encouraged through a series of exercises to become proficient in manipulating these logics. The emphasis is on possible world semantics for modal logics and the semantic emphasis is carried into the formal method, Jeffrey-style truth-trees. Standard truth-trees are extended in a simple and transparent way to take possible worlds into account. Part 2 systematically explores the applications of modal logic to philosophical issues such as truth, time, processes, knowledge and belief, obligation and permission.

The World-Time Parallel

The World-Time Parallel PDF Author: A. A. Rini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107017475
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 279

Book Description
The only book to investigate the parallel between what happens at other times and what happens in other possible worlds.

A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality

A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality PDF Author: Andrea Borghini
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472521943
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 233

Book Description
A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality examines the eight main contemporary theories of possibility behind a central metaphysical topic. Covering modal skepticism, modal expressivism, modalism, modal realism, ersatzism, modal fictionalism, modal agnosticism, and the new modal actualism, this comprehensive introduction to modality places contemporary debates in an historical context. Beginning with a historical overview, Andrea Borghini discusses Parmenides and Zeno; looks at how central Medieval authors such as Aquinas, and Buridan prepared the ground for the Early Modern radical views of Leibniz, Spinoza, and Hume and discusses advancements in semantics in the later-half of the twentieth century a resulted in the rise of modal metaphysics, the branch characterizing the past few decades of philosophical reflection. Framing the debate according to three main perspectives - logical, epistemic, metaphysical- Borghini provides the basic concepts and terms required to discuss modality. With suggestions of further reading and end-of-chapter study questions, A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality is an up-to-date resource for students working in contemporary metaphysics seeking a better understanding of this crucial topic.

The Possible and the Actual

The Possible and the Actual PDF Author: Michael J. Loux
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801491788
Category : First philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 340

Book Description
This well-chosen collection of fifteen important essays in the fields of philosophical logic and metaphysics addresses questions relating to the nature and status of possible worlds.

Introductory Modal Logic

Introductory Modal Logic PDF Author: Kenneth Konyndyk
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780268011598
Category : Modality (Logic)
Languages : en
Pages : 0

Book Description
Modal logic, developed as an extension of classical propositional logic and first-order quantification theory, integrates the notions of possibility and necessity and necessary implication. Arguments whose understanding depends on some fundamental knowledge of modal logic have always been important in philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and epistemology. Moreover, modal logic has become increasingly important with the use of the concept of "possible worlds" in these areas. Introductory Modal Logic fills the need for a basic text on modal logic, accessible to students of elementary symbolic logic. Kenneth Konyndyk presents a natural deduction treatment of propositional modal logic and quantified modal logic, historical information about its development, and discussions of the philosophical issues raised by modal logic. Characterized by clear and concrete explanations, appropriate examples, and varied and challenging exercises, Introductory Modal Logic makes both modal logic and the possible-worlds metaphysics readily available to the introductory level student.

Aristotle's Modal Logic

Aristotle's Modal Logic PDF Author: Richard Patterson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521522335
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
This 1995 book argues that a proper understanding of Aristotle's modal logic requires an appreciation of its connection to the metaphysics.
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