Author: Michael Patriksson Publisher: Courier Dover Publications ISBN: 0486802272 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 240

Book Description
This monograph provides both a unified account of the development of models and methods for the problem of estimating equilibrium traffic flows in urban areas and a survey of the scope and limitations of present traffic models. The development is described and analyzed by the use of the powerful instruments of nonlinear optimization and mathematical programming within the field of operations research. The first part is devoted to mathematical models for the analysis of transportation network equilibria; the second deals with methods for traffic equilibrium problems. This title will interest readers wishing to extend their knowledge of equilibrium modeling and analysis and of the foundations of efficient optimization methods adapted for the solution of large-scale models. In addition to its value to researchers, the treatment is suitable for advanced graduate courses in transportation, operations research, and quantitative economics.

Author: Alexander Krylatov Publisher: Springer Nature ISBN: 303034102X Category : Technology & Engineering Languages : en Pages : 231

Book Description
This book is focused on the discussion of the traffic assignment problem, the mathematical and practical meaning of variables, functions and basic principles. This work gives information about new approaches, methods and algorithms based on original methodological technique, developed by authors in their publications for the past several years, as well as corresponding prospective implementations. The book may be of interest to a wide range of readers, such as civil engineering students, traffic engineers, developers of traffic assignment algorithms etc. The obtained results here are to be used in both practice and theory. This book is devoted to the traffic assignment problem, formulated in a form of nonlinear optimization program. The most efficient solution algorithms related to the problem are based on its structural features and practical meaning rather than on standard nonlinear optimization techniques or approaches. The authors have carefully considered the meaning of the traffic assignment problem for efficient algorithms development.

Author: Panos M. Pardalos Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 0387772472 Category : Mathematics Languages : en Pages : 872

Book Description
This comprehensive work examines important recent developments and modern applications in the fields of optimization, control, game theory and equilibrium programming. In particular, the concepts of equilibrium and optimality are of immense practical importance affecting decision-making problems regarding policy and strategies, and in understanding and predicting systems in different application domains, ranging from economics and engineering to military applications. The book consists of 29 survey chapters written by distinguished researchers in the above areas.

Author: M.A. Florian Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 364248123X Category : Business & Economics Languages : en Pages : 457

Book Description
The interest in the mathematical modeling of transportation systems stems from the need to predict how people might make use of new or improved transport infrastruc ture in order to evaluate the benefit of the required investments. To this end it is necessary to build models of the demand for transportation and models that de termine the way in which people who travel use the transportation network. If such models may be constructed and their validity reasonably assured, then the predic tion of the traffic flows on future and present transportation links may be carried out by simulating future situations and then evaluating the potential benefits of alternative improvement projects. In the attempts that were made to construct mathematical models of transportation networks, the notion of equilibrium plays a central role. Suppose that the demand for transportation, that is, the number of trips that occur between the - rious origins and destinations is known. Then it is necessary to determine how these trips are attracted to the alternative routes available between origins and destinations. Knight (1924), gave a simple and intuitively clear description of the behaviour of road traffic under conditions of congestion.

Author: Nathan H. Gartner Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 3642796419 Category : Business & Economics Languages : en Pages : 376

Book Description
The problems of urban traffic in the industrially developed countries have been at the top of the priority list for a long time. While making a critical contribution to the economic well being of those countries, transportation systems in general and highway traffic in particular, also have detrimental effects which are evident in excessive congestion, high rates of accidents and severe pollution problems. Scientists from different disciplines have played an important role in the development and refinement of the tools needed for the planning, analysis, and control of urban traffic networks. In the past several years, there were particularly rapid advances in two areas that affect urban traffic: 1. Modeling of traffic flows in urban networks and the prediction of the resulting equilibrium conditions; 2. Technology for communication with the driver and the ability to guide him, by providing him with useful, relevant and updated information, to his desired destination.

Author: Roy Thomas Publisher: ISBN: Category : Taşımacılık (Yüzey taşımacılığı) Languages : en Pages : 408

Book Description
This work is a review of traffic assignments techniques currently in use, or likely to be in the near future, in Europe and elsewhere. Techniques used in large scale strategic studies and those used for the appraisal of traffic management schemes are covered extensively; dynamic assignment models are also considered.

Author: Tofigh Allahviranloo Publisher: Springer Nature ISBN: 3030665011 Category : Technology & Engineering Languages : en Pages : 992

Book Description
This book contains the topics of artificial intelligence and deep learning that do have much application in real-life problems. The concept of uncertainty has long been used in applied science, especially decision making and a logical decision must be made in the field of uncertainty or in the real-life environment that is formed and combined with vague concepts and data. The chapters of this book are connected to the new concepts and aspects of decision making with uncertainty. Besides, other chapters are involved with the concept of data mining and decision making under uncertain computations.

Author: Andreas Horni Publisher: Ubiquity Press ISBN: 190918876X Category : Technology & Engineering Languages : en Pages : 620

Book Description
The MATSim (Multi-Agent Transport Simulation) software project was started around 2006 with the goal of generating traffic and congestion patterns by following individual synthetic travelers through their daily or weekly activity programme. It has since then evolved from a collection of stand-alone C++ programs to an integrated Java-based framework which is publicly hosted, open-source available, automatically regression tested. It is currently used by about 40 groups throughout the world. This book takes stock of the current status. The first part of the book gives an introduction to the most important concepts, with the intention of enabling a potential user to set up and run basic simulations. The second part of the book describes how the basic functionality can be extended, for example by adding schedule-based public transit, electric or autonomous cars, paratransit, or within-day replanning. For each extension, the text provides pointers to the additional documentation and to the code base. It is also discussed how people with appropriate Java programming skills can write their own extensions, and plug them into the MATSim core. The project has started from the basic idea that traffic is a consequence of human behavior, and thus humans and their behavior should be the starting point of all modelling, and with the intuition that when simulations with 100 million particles are possible in computational physics, then behavior-oriented simulations with 10 million travelers should be possible in travel behavior research. The initial implementations thus combined concepts from computational physics and complex adaptive systems with concepts from travel behavior research. The third part of the book looks at theoretical concepts that are able to describe important aspects of the simulation system; for example, under certain conditions the code becomes a Monte Carlo engine sampling from a discrete choice model. Another important aspect is the interpretation of the MATSim score as utility in the microeconomic sense, opening up a connection to benefit cost analysis. Finally, the book collects use cases as they have been undertaken with MATSim. All current users of MATSim were invited to submit their work, and many followed with sometimes crisp and short and sometimes longer contributions, always with pointers to additional references. We hope that the book will become an invitation to explore, to build and to extend agent-based modeling of travel behavior from the stable and well tested core of MATSim documented here.

Author: Terry L. Friesz Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 0387727787 Category : Business & Economics Languages : en Pages : 509

Book Description
This book has been written to address the increasing number of Operations Research and Management Science problems (that is, applications) that involve the explicit consideration of time and of gaming among multiple agents. It is a book that will be used both as a textbook and as a reference and guide by those whose work involves the theoretical aspects of dynamic optimization and differential games.

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