Crystallography

Crystallography PDF Author: Anthony Michael Glazer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198717598
Category : Crystallography
Languages : en
Pages : 169

Book Description
A long history -- Symmetry -- Crystal structures -- Diffraction -- Seeing atoms -- Sources of radiation

Introduction to Crystallography

Introduction to Crystallography PDF Author: Donald E. Sands
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486136809
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description
Clear, concise explanation of logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Topics include crystals and lattices, symmetry, x-ray diffraction, and more. Problems, with answers. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction PDF Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019156771X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 450

Book Description
This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction

Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction PDF Author: A. M. Glazer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019102712X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144

Book Description
Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal. In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Introduction to Crystallography

Introduction to Crystallography PDF Author: Frank Hoffmann
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030351106
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 309

Book Description
This book invites you on a systematic tour through the fascinating world of crystals and their symmetries. The reader will gain an understanding of the symmetry of external crystal forms (morphology) and become acquainted with all the symmetry elements needed to classify and describe crystal structures. The book explains the context in a very vivid, non-mathematical way and captivates with clear, high-quality illustrations. Online materials accompany the book; including 3D models the reader can explore on screen to aid in the spatial understanding of the structure of crystals. After reading the book, you will not only know what a space group is and how to read the International Tables for Crystallography, but will also be able to interpret crystallographic specifications in specialist publications. If questions remain, you also have the opportunity to ask the author on the book's website.

Crystallography Made Crystal Clear

Crystallography Made Crystal Clear PDF Author: Gale Rhodes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323137784
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 217

Book Description
Crystallography Made Crystal Clear is designed to meet the need for an X-ray analysis that is between brief textbook sections and complete treatments. The book provides non-crystallographers with an intellectually satisfying explanation of the principles of how protein models are gleaned from X-ray analysis. The understanding of these concepts will foster wise use of the models, including the recognition of the strengths and weaknesses of pictures or computer graphics. Since proteins comprise the majority of the mass of macromolecules in cells and carry out biologically important tasks, the book will be of interest to biologists. Provides accessible descriptions of principles of x-ray crystallography, built on simple foundations for anyone with a basic science backgroundLeads the reader through clear, thorough, unintimidating explanations of the mathematics behind crystallographyExplains how to read crystallography papers in research journalsIf you use computer-generated models of proteins or nucleic acids for:Studying molecular interactionsDesigning ligands, inhibitors, or drugsEngineering new protein functionsInterpreting chemical, kinetic, thermodynamic, or spectroscopic dataStudying protein foldingTeaching macromolecule structure,and if you want to read new structure papers intelligently; become a wiser user of macromolecular models; and want to introduce undergraduates to the important subject of x-ray crystallography, then this book is for you.

Crystal Structure Refinement

Crystal Structure Refinement PDF Author: Peter Muller
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019152476X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

Book Description
Crystal Structure Refinement is a mixture of textbook and tutorial. As A Crystallographers Guide to SHELXL it covers advanced aspects of practical crystal structure refinement, which have not been much addressed by textbooks so far. After an introduction to SHELXL in the first chapter, a brief survey of crystal structure refinement is provided. Chapters three and higher address the various aspects of structure refinement, from the treatment of hydrogen atoms to the assignment of atom types, to disorder, to non-crystallographic symmetry and twinning. One chapter is dedicated to the refinement of macromolecular structures and two short chapters deal with structure validation (one for small molecule structures and one for macromolecules). In each of the chapters the book gives refinement examples, based on the program SHELXL, describing every problem in detail. It comes with a CD-ROM with all files necessary to reproduce the refinements.

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures PDF Author: Ulrich Müller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199669953
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 349

Book Description
The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.

Minerals

Minerals PDF Author: David J. Vaughan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199682844
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 161

Book Description
The Earth contains a vast array of minerals, many with highly complex arrangements of atoms of several elements. David Vaughan explores the structure of minerals, the conditions under which they form and transform, their properties, and their interaction with microbes, as well as their importance in human health.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Fundamentals of Crystallography PDF Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198555780
Category : Crystallography
Languages : en
Pages : 654

Book Description
Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.
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